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Poverty definitions and thresholds

Poverty definitions and thresholds
Household types Minimum Income Standard - Inner London (AHC), 2022 Minimum Income Standard - Outer London (AHC), 2022 UK poverty line - After Housing Costs, 2021/22 Destitution, 2022
Single, working-age £304 £271 £150 £95
Couple, working-age £522 £464 £259 £145
Single, pensioner £271 £236 £150 £95
Couple, pensioner £431 £357 £259 £145
Lone parent, one child (aged one) £340 £351 £202 £125
Couple with two children (aged three and seven) £577 £600 £367 £205

Data source: Poverty thresholds are from Households Below Average Income 2021/22, Department for Work and Pensions. Minimum Income Standard thresholds are based on the Minimum Income Standard (MIS) for London, Trust for London 2022. Destitution in the UK 2022, JRF

The table shows different definitions and thresholds necessary to not be considered either in poverty or deprived. The amount of income is dependent on the type of household.

The Minimum Income Standard identifies what incomes different households require to reach a minimum socially acceptable living standard. 

Households are considered to be below the UK poverty line if their income is below 60% of the median household income after housing costs for that year.

Households in destitution are defined by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation as those who have to go without two or more essentials in the past month because they couldn't afford them, or if their income is extremely low (less than £95 a week for a single adult). Essentials are defined as having a home, food, heating, lighting clothing, shoes and basic toiletries. 

To learn more about measuring poverty, read our explainer.