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Poverty before and after housing costs by age

Proportion of Londoners in poverty after housing costs by age band (2022/23)

Last updated: May 2024
Next estimated update: May 2025

What does this indicator show?

This indicator shows the poverty rate in London by age group. A person is classed as being in poverty if they earn below 60% of the median income. You can find out more about how poverty is measured here.

What does it tell us?

Poverty rates after housing costs were highest among children and young people in 2022/23, in both London and the rest of England.

  • In London 140,000 children aged four and under live in households in poverty
  • A third (33%) of children aged 5-9 are in households in poverty
  • Over a third of 10-19 year olds live in households that are in poverty (35% of those aged 10-14 and 37% of those aged 15-19). 

In contrast, 15% of Londoners aged 30-34 live in households that are in poverty - the lowest rate for any age group. 

Poverty rates in London are higher than those in the rest of England for people of most age groups, except for children aged 0-4 and adults aged 30-34, 35-39 and 60-64. 

The impact of housing costs

The impacts of housing costs on poverty in the capital can be seen by comparing these findings to poverty rates before housing costs are taken into account. 

After housing costs, most age groups are more likely to be in poverty in London than in the rest of England. But before housing costs are taken into account, this is the other way - highlighting the impact of high housing costs in the capital.

The gap tends to be lower for older individuals, reflecting the fact that they are more likely to own their property and have lower housing costs.

Proportion of Londoners in poverty before housing costs by age band (2022/23)

Want to know more?

If you want to explore this data in more depth, check the 'data source and notes' button on the above charts. This will tell you where the data comes from, where you may be able to dig deeper.